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CrackIAS is a platform that facilitates budding aspirants for civil services examination with the well-prepared, knowledge enriched, concise yet comprehensive notes for the exam. The main strength of our notes lies in the totality of the study material with total coverage of Current Affairs, India Year Book, Economic Survey; Magazines like Yojana & Kurukshetra, Economic & Political Weekly; and latest Human Development and World Bank Reports. Our Notes cover the Current Affairs and various National and International reports topic-wise, thereby, enriching the topics so much, that no one can match their quality.

CrackIAS is the only institute in the country that provides its accountability to the students. Every year, within a couple of days after the Prelims and Mains Exam, we upload a detailed list of questions that appeared from our notes....

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(GENERAL STUDIES PAPER-1)
UPSC IAS Civil Services Prelims Examination 2018

How we Performed in 2018

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"Read less, Revise more, Write most. In GS papers, one should cut down to bare minimum material."
- Harsh, Rank-43, 2015

Our GS Mains Notes are Complete & Crispy with each & every topic (minor or major) of all the 4 GS papers covered with all relevant facts & analysis
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Covers 14 Relevant Sources incl. PIB, Hindu, Live Mint, HT, ET, ToI, RBI, Indian Express, PRS and more...



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"In mains, the syllabus is much larger than prelims and clearly spelt out. I read each and every topic broadly in a multidimensional manner (inter and intra syllabus linkages), made notes and practiced answer writing a lot."
- Rajarshi Shah (AIR 81) CSE’2015

Our GS Mains Notes are Complete & Crispy - Each and every topic - minor or major - of all the 4 GS papers - covered completely with relevant facts and analysis. No need to refer anything else; anything else means anything else.
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UPSC Syllabus : IAS Syllabus : Civil Services Syllabus

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"The monthly magazines should be read every month. Do not think when Pre will come then you will read afresh and tick the answers."
- Abhijeet Sinha, Rank-19, 2017

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Topic-wise Analysis of UPSC Exam : IAS Exam : Civil Services Exam

Check here the Topicwise Analysis of Each and Every Topic of both Mains and Prelims
  • News of last 1 year related to the Topic
  • Expert Videos on the Topic
  • Questions that appeared from that Topic
  • Important NCERT Chapters related to the Topic


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Here we have given the Topicwise Analysis of the whole syllabus. The topics which are common to both PT and Mains, you will find here. Other PT specific Topics which are not there in Mains are covered separately in Other Miscellaneous Topics of Prelims

Indian Culture - An Introduction
Indian Architecture incl. Art & Craft & Paintings
Indian Music
Indian Dances
Performing Arts, Drama, Theatre and Indian Cinema
Indian Languages and Literature
Fairs & festivals of India
Martial Arts of India
Media and Culture
Promotion and Preservation of Culture Incl. UNESCO
Places of Cultural Interest
Famous personalities & institutions attached to Indian culture
Religions, religious thoughts and Philosophy incl. Saints of India
The Decline of the Mughal Empire
Indian States and Societies in 18th Century
The Beginnings of European Settlements
The British Conquest of India
The Structure of the Government and Economic Policies of the British Empire in India, 1757-1857
Administrative Organisation and Social & Cultural Policy
Social & Cultural Awakening in the First half of the 19th Century
The Revolt of 1857
Religious and Social Reform Movements
The Struggle Begins (1858-1905)
National Movement (1905-1918)
National Movement (1919-1939) Era of Mass Nationalism
National Movement: Towards Freedom and Partition (1939-1947)
Administrative Changes after 1857
Economic Impact of British Rule in India
Development of Indian Press
Development of Education
Brief on some aspects of British Rule
The Indian States
Civil Rebellions and Tribal Uprisings
Peasant Movements (1857-1947)
The Movement of Working Class
The Evolution of Indian Nationalist Foreign Policy
Communalism and Trends
Role of women in freedom struggle
Contributions of British & Foreigners
Important Persons during freedom struggle & their Approaches to achievement of freedom goals
Challenges of National Building
Era of One-party Dominance
Politics of Planned Development
Economics of planned development
India?s External Relations
Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System
The Crisis of Democratic Order
Rise of Popular Movements
Regional Aspirations
Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Industrial revolution
The World From the 1890s to the First World War
The World Between the two World Wars
The Second World War
Re-drawl of National Boundaries
Colonization and Decolonization
Communism
Capitalism
Socialism
The World Since 1945
Structure of Indian Society incl. Caste system
Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
Social Inequality and Exclusion
The Challenges of Unity in Diversity
Structural Change
Cultural Change
The Story of Indian Democracy
Change and Development in Rural Society
Change and Development in Industrial Society
Mass Media and Communications
Social Movements
Diversity of India
Role of Women and Women?s Organization
Demography of the World - Population Trends
Poverty and developmental issues
Urbanization, their problems and their remedies incl. Migration & Smart Cities
Effects of globalization on Indian society
Globalization and Social Change
Social empowerment
Communalism
Regionalism
Secularism
Physical Geography of Africa incl. important Geopolitical regions
Physical Geography of Asia incl. important Geopolitical regions
Physical Geography of Europe incl. important Geopolitical regions
Physical Geography of North America incl. important Geopolitical regions
Physical Geography of South America incl. important Geopolitical regions
Physical Geography of Australia incl. important Geopolitical regions
Physical Geography of Antarctica incl. important Geopolitical regions
Natural Regions and the World Climates
Distribution of Key Natural Resources - Minerals & Oil Resources of the World
Distribution of Key Natural Resources - Energy Resources of the World
Distribution of Key Natural Resources - Forest Resources of the World
Distribution of key natural resources - Land Resources incl. Land conservation in world & India
Distribution of key natural resources - Ocean Resources in world & India
Distribution of key natural resources - Water Resources incl. Rivers & related issues in world & India
Agriculture and Major Crops of the World
Factors responsible for Location & Distribution of Primary Industries in World
Factors responsible for the Location & Distribution of Secondary Industries of the World
Factors responsible for location of Tertiary sector Industries incl. Tourism in world & India and related issues
Transportation and Communication of the World
International Trade
Important Geophysical phenomena - Earthquakes, Tsunamis & Volcanoes
Important Geophysical Phenomenon - Atmosphere, its Composition and Circulation
Important Geophysical Phenomenon - Tides, Oceanic Circulation and Ocean Bottom Relief
Important Geophysical phenomena - Weathering, Mass Movement & Groundwater
Various Landforms, Changes Therein and the Effects of Such Changes
Islands & Coral Reefs, chganges therein and in Flora & Fauna and the Effects of such changes
Mountains, chganges therein and in Flora & Fauna and the Effects of such changes
Lakes, chganges therein and in Flora & Fauna and the Effects of such changes
Rivers, chganges therein and in Flora & Fauna and the Effects of such changes
Changes in Flora & Fauna in general and the effects of such changes
The Earth, its Evolution and Origin of Life on Earth
Climate and Weather & Changes in Climate
Disputed Territories of the World
Biotic Resources of the World including Livestock & Fisheries
Demography of the World – Growth of Population
Demography of the World – Demographic Attributes
Demography of the World – Major Tribes and their Habitats
The Earth and the Solar System
Interior of the Earth and Materials of the Earth’s Crust
Important Geophysical Phenomenon – Tropical Cyclones
Important Geophysical Phenomenon – Temperate Cyclones
Indian Constitution - Features & Significant Provisions related to Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties
Comparison of Indian Constitutional System with that of other Countries - Parliamentary & Presidential Systems of Governance
Emergency Powers of the Union
Public Policy Making
Rights Issues – Consumer Rights in India
Rights & Welfare of People with HIV/ AIDS - Schemes & their Performance, Mechanisms, Laws Institutions and Bodies
Issues Related to Poverty, Inclusion, Employment & Sustainable Development
Issues Related to Growth & Development - Public Finance,Taxation & Black Money
Issues Related to Planning & Economic Reforms
Important Terms in Economics
Important Schemes & Programmes of the Government

Here we have given the Topicwise Analysis of the whole syllabus. The topics which are common to both PT and Mains, you will find here. Other PT specific Topics which are not there in Mains are covered separately in Other Miscellaneous Topics of Prelims

Indian Constitution - Historical underpinnings & Evolution
Indian Constitution – Features & Significant Provisions related to The Preamble, Union & its Territories and The Citizenship
Indian Constitution – Amendments, Schedules, and Important Articles
Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Dispute Redressal Mechanisms, and the Centre-State Relations
Devolution of Powers & Finances upto Local Levels and Challenges therein - Panchayats & Municipalities
Separation of powers between various organs
Parliament - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
Executive: Structure, Organisation & Functioning
Judiciary in India: its Structure, Organisation & Functioning, Judges of SC & High Courts, Judgements and related Issues
Ministries and Departments of the Government
Pressure Groups and their role in the Polity
Formal/ Informal Associations and their role in the Polity
Elections, Election Commission and the Electoral Reforms in India
Political Parties in India
The President and the Vice-President of India
Functions & Responsibilities of the Union, the Prime Minister and Union Council of Ministers
Functions & Responsibilities of the States, the Governor, the Chief Minister and State COM
Provisions related to UPSC, State PSCs and Civil Services in India, and their Role in Democracy
Finance Commission
Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities
Audit & CAG of India
Rights Issues - Human Rights and NHRC
Regulatory bodies
Quasi-Judicial bodies
Government policies & interventions for development in various Sectors and issues arising out of their design & implementation incl. Housing
Role of NGOs and SHGs in Development Process
Role of various Groups & Associations in Development Process
Role of Donors and Charities in Development Process
Role of Institutional and other Stakeholders in Development Process
Rights & Welfare of STs and SCs – Schemes & their Performance, Mechanisms, Laws Institutions and Bodies
Welfare of Minorities - Schemes & their performance; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions & Bodies
Rights & Welfare of Old-Age People – Schemes & their Performance, Mechanisms, Laws Institutions and Bodies
Rights & Welfare of Persons with Disability including Mentally Ill People – Schemes & their Performance, Mechanisms, Laws Institutions and Bodies
Rights & Welfare of Children – Schemes & their Performance, Mechanisms, Laws Institutions and Bodies
Rights & Welfare of Women – Schemes & their Performance, Mechanisms, Laws Institutions and Bodies
Health & Sanitation and related issues
Education and related issues
Human resources & Sports and related issues
Poverty & Hunger and related issues
Important Aspects of Governance, Transparency & Accountability including Right to Information and Citizen Charter
E-governance - applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential incl. Aadhar & Digital power
Peoples' Participation/ Role of Civil Society in Governance
India - Pakistan
India - China
India - Nepal
India - Bhutan
India - Afghanistan
India - Bangladesh
India - Indian Ocean Island nations
India - Myanmar
India - Sri Lanka
India's Foreign Policy evolution and changes
ASEAN
EAS
SAARC
BRICS
IBSA
BIMSTEC
BCIM
SCO
G20
G8
G77
RCEP
NAFTA
SAFTA
Mercosur
GCC
OPEC
OECD
APEC
TPP
African Union (AU)
East African Community?(EAC)
European Union (EU)
NATO
NAM
India - USA
India - Russia
India - Japan
India - East Asia
India - Middle East
India- West Asia
India - Central Asia
India - Israel
India - Africa
India - UK
India - Australia
India - South America
India- Other groupings and agreements
Effect of policies and politics of developed countries on India's interests
Effect of policies and politics of developing countries on India's interests
Indian Diaspora
United Nations (UNO)
World Trade Organisation (WTO)
World Bank
IMF

Here we have given the Topicwise Analysis of the whole syllabus. The topics which are common to both PT and Mains, you will find here. Other PT specific Topics which are not there in Mains are covered separately in Other Miscellaneous Topics of Prelims

Issues relating to Planning
Issues relating to Mobilization of resources incl. Savings, Borrowings & External Resources
Issues relating to Growth & Development - Inflation & Monetary Policy
Issues relating to Growth & Development - Taxation & Black Money
Issues relating to Growth & Development - Banking, NPAs and RBI
Issues relating to Growth & Development - Capital Market & SEBI
Issues relating to Growth & Development - Industry & Services Sector
Issues relating to Growth & Development - Foreign capital, Foreign Trade & BoP
Issues relating to Growth & Development - Demographic Economics & various Indexes
Issues relating to Employment
Inclusive growth, Inclusion and Poverty
Government Budgeting incl. Fiscal Deficit
Agriculture Issues and related constraints
Major crops, Cropping patterns in various parts of the country incl. Various Agriculture Revolutions
Different types of Irrigation & Irrigation systems storage
Transport & Marketing of agricultural produce
Agricultural Finance & Insurance
E-technology in the aid of farmers
Issues related to direct & indirect Farm Subsidies and MSP
Public Distribution System: Objectives, Functioning, Limitations & Revamping
Issues of Buffer stocks and Food Security
Technology missions
Economics of Animal-Rearing incl. White, Blue & Pink Revolutions
Food processing and related industries in India: scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements and supply chain management
Land reforms in India
Effects of Liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth incl. Ecoconomic Reforms
Infrastructure: Energy incl. Renewable & Non-renewable
Infrastructure: Ports & Waterways
Infrastructure: Roads
Infrastructure: Airports
Infrastructure: Railways
Infrastructure: Economic Corridors
Infrastructure: Urbanisation and related Issues
Investment Models: PPP, SEZ, EPZ and others
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology
Indigenization of technology and developing new technology
IT, Internet and Communications
Defence relatred developments
Space Technology & related matters
Computer Technology
Nuclear science
Robotics & Artificial Intelligence
Nanotechnology
Biotechnology, Genetics & Health related developments
Issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)
Environmental Pollution - Air, Water, Soil & E-waste
Environmental Degradation - GHGs, Ozone Depletion & Climate Change
Environmental Degradation - Wildlife related issues
Environmental Conservation, Sustainable Development & EIA
Disaster and disaster management
Linkages between development and spread of extremism incl. Naxalism
Role of External State & Non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security incl. Terrorism & illegal Migration
Challenges to internal security through Communication Networks
Role of Media and Social Networking Sites in internal security challenges
Basics of Cyber Security and related matters
Money-Laundering and its prevention
Security challenges and their management in Border Areas
Linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Various Security Forces & Agencies and their mandate

Here we have given the Topicwise Analysis of the whole syllabus. The topics which are common to both PT and Mains, you will find here. Other PT specific Topics which are not there in Mains are covered separately in Other Miscellaneous Topics of Prelims

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions
Dimensions of ethics
Ethics in Private and Public relationships
Human Values - Lessons from the lives and teachings of great Leaders, Reformers and Administrators
Role of Family, Society and Educational institutions in inculcating values
Attitude: Content, structure and functions
Attitude: its influence & relation with thought & behaviour
Moral and political attitudes
Social influence and Persuasion
Aptitude
Foundational values for Civil Service - Integrity
Foundational values for Civil Service - Impartiality & non-partisanship
Foundational values for Civil Service - Objectivity
Foundational values for Civil Service - Dedication to public service
Foundational values for Civil Service - Empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections
Emotional intelligence - Concepts, and their utilities & application in Administration and Governance
Contributions of Moral thinkers from India
Contributions of Philosophers from India
Contributions of Moral thinkers from World
Contributions of Philosophers from World
Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems
Ethical Concerns & Dilemmas in Government & Private institutions incl. issue of "Conflict of Interest"
Laws, Rules, Regulations and Conscience as sources of Ethical Guidance
Accountability and Ethical Governance
Strengthening of Ethical and Moral Values in Governance
Ethical issues in International Relations and Funding
Corporate governance
Probity in Governance: Concept of Public Service
Philosophical basis of Governance and Probity
Information sharing and Transparency in government
Right to Information (RTI)
Codes of Ethics
Codes of Conduct
Citizen's Charters
Work culture
Quality of service delivery
Utilization of public funds
Challenges of corruption
Case Studies
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"The art of elimination is something which is very much essential in clearing prelims. I concentrated more on the basics, rather than going gaining in-depth knowledge about the subject. I had even read all the NCERT books almost 2-3 times."
- Ashima Mittal, AIR 12, UPSC CSE 2017

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"My advice to the fresher who are going to appear in this exam make a strategy, be careful in not wasting your time in reading non- relevant material."
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Read relevant and reliable Personal Notes of an IAS Topper who scored highest marks in GS Mains originally written by him with real time update in just 9 small Booklets
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"Please do not take CSAT lightly. I had solved a lot of questions for CSAT."
- Saumya Sharma, Rank-9, 2017

We provide CSAT Prelims notes in 4 small booklets providing line-to-line explanation of basic concepts to advanced concepts with a Practice tests booklet.
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Previous Year Questions UPSC : Civil Services Mains Exam :

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"No need to make notes. I didn’t make any notes rather revised from monthly current affairs compilation."
- Anu Kumari, Rank-2, 2017

Our GS Prelims pack will give you Monthly Current Affairs EBook and 3 hard copy booklets prepared from daily news of 14 Major sources incl. PIB/ Hindu/ ET/ PRS/ IDSA/ Ind. Exp.
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Download Subject-wise Monthly Current Affairs : "MOJO30"

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PRIYADARSHAN MOHAPATRA. Bhubaneshwar (Odisha)

"Very good questions/the questions set in the paper would really go a long way in building the confidence of an aspirant. Questions related to polity were very analytical. Some grey areas of modern History were covered in this question paper. Very good paper. "

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In our GS Prelims Test Series we use Best Sources to compile tests and includes min. 25% Questions of Current Affairs of preceding period - in every test.
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Toppers Corner

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"In mains, the syllabus is much larger than prelims and clearly spelt out. I read each and every topic broadly in a multidimensional manner (inter and intra syllabus linkages), made notes and practiced answer writing a lot."
- Rajarshi Shah (AIR 81) CSE’2015

Our GS Mains Notes are Complete & Crispy - Each and every topic - minor or major - of all the 4 GS papers - covered completely with relevant facts and analysis. No need to refer anything else; anything else means anything else.
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Our GS Prelims Test Series will give you Best Test Reports on 11 parameters that diagnose your problems and help you improve your performance.
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Good Lines from Newspapers & Articles : Improve Your Answer Writing


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"Whenever it was possible it should be integrated both Prelims and Mains in order to avoid duplication of efforts."
- Abhilash Mishra, Rank-5, 2016

We have divided Prelims and Mains syllabus in 350 topics and you will get Pre-cum-Mains notes on Current Affairs prepared from 14 Major sources incl. PIB/ Hindu/ ET/ PRS/ IDSA/ Ind. Exp. in form of monthly EBOOK and hard copy.
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Watch Topic-wise Expert Videos Discussions

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"I suggest you not to make notes of newspaper articles, rather do your own analysis of the topic. It would be more fruitful and help you in writing original Mains answers."
- Ankit Pannu, Rank-31, 2017

We have divided our GS Mains syllabus into 320 topics. You will get Topic-wise Current Affairs NOTES with comprehensive coverage of 14 leading Sources incl. PIB, HINDU, Mint, TOI etc.
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