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2021-07-31

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Relevant for: Developmental Issues | Topic: Rights & Welfare of Children - Schemes & their Performance, Mechanisms, Laws Institutions and Bodies

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 enacted by Govt of India provides safeguards for children against sexual abuse. The POCSO Act 2012 provides for establishment of Special Courts for the purpose of ensuring speedy trial. Further, as per the Act, the evidence of the child shall be recorded within a period of thirty days of the Special Court taking cognizance of the offence and the Special Court shall complete the trial, as far as possible, within a period of one year from the date of taking cognizance of the offence. The Act was amended in 2019 to introduce more stringent punishment including death penalty for committing sexual crimes on children, with a view to deter the perpetrators & prevent such crimes against children.

A centrally sponsored scheme for setting up of 1023 Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) including 389 Exclusive POCSO Courts is implemented by the Department of Justice(DoJ), for expeditious trial and disposal of rape and POCSO cases. As informed by DoJ, 640 FTSCs including 338 exclusive POCSO Courts have become functional in 26 States/UTs by May, 2021, which disposed 50, 484 pending cases till May, 2021. Goa and J&K are yet to operationalize FTSCs. West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar island and Arunachal Pradesh have still not joined the Scheme. The list of States/UTs where these Courts are located is at Annexure-I. The information regarding the appointment of Judges in special courts formed under POCSO Act, 2012 is not maintained centrally.

The State/UT-wise cases registered and cases pending trial at the end of the year under POCSO Act, 2012 during 2017-2019 is at Annexure-II.

This information was given by the Union Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt. Smriti  Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

*****

AS

Annexure-I

 

S.no

States/UTs

Chhattisgarh

Gujarat

Mizoram

Nagaland

Jharkhand

Madhya Pradesh

Manipur

Haryana

Chandigarh

Rajasthan

Tamil Nadu

Tripura

Uttar Pradesh

Uttarakhand

Delhi

Arunachal Pradesh

Bihar

Assam

Maharashtra

Himachal Pradesh

Karnataka

Kerala

Meghalaya

Odisha

Punjab

Telangana

 

Annexure-II

SL

State/UT

2017

2018

2019

CR

CPTEY

CR

CPTEY

CR

CPTEY

1

Andhra Pradesh

378

1100

361

1343

502

1542

2

Arunachal Pradesh

14

7

24

28

36

52

3

Assam

1149

1506

1721

2664

1779

3750

4

Bihar

1356

1431

2094

2558

1540

3575

5

Chhattisgarh

1676

3122

1812

3861

2027

4799

6

Goa

0

0

2

2

0

2

7

Gujarat

1697

5130

2154

6947

2253

8604

8

Haryana

1139

1592

1924

2361

2074

2962

9

Himachal Pradesh

8

27

28

47

12

54

10

Jammu & Kashmir

0

0

32

24

109

96

11

Jharkhand

385

495

615

757

654

1024

12

Karnataka

1956

4891

2036

6150

2160

7137

13

Kerala

1169

2718

1153

3462

1283

4216

14

Madhya Pradesh

1569

5428

2445

6808

6123

9677

15

Maharashtra

5248

18691

6233

22070

6558

25807

16

Manipur

29

113

43

135

58

189

17

Meghalaya

242

702

266

847

219

987

18

Mizoram

194

248

138

387

79

398

19

Nagaland

41

49

9

51

12

61

20

Odisha

249

1808

1887

3148

2036

4798

21

Punjab

489

444

411

566

389

606

22

Rajasthan

1180

2860

488

3032

596

3152

23

Sikkim

87

107

118

154

91

212

24

Tamil Nadu

1587

3547

2039

4531

2396

5599

25

Telangana

1632

2484

1665

3284

1998

3806

26

Tripura

139

481

127

569

176

649

27

Uttar Pradesh

4895

14000

5401

17161

7594

23187

28

Uttarakhand

191

409

337

586

369

868

29

West Bengal

2131

4159

2267

6251

2267

6251

 

TOTAL STATE(S)

30830

77549

37830

99784

45390

124060

30

A&N Islands

65

164

69

235

94

291

31

Chandigarh

3

1

2

2

5

8

32

D&N Haveli

12

16

21

21

39

38

33

Daman & Diu

5

20

3

23

15

30

34

Delhi

1623

6255

1839

7870

1719

8406

35

Lakshadweep

4

10

7

17

25

26

36

Puducherry

66

128

56

177

48

209

 

TOTAL UT(S)

1778

6594

1997

8345

1945

9008

 

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

32608

84143

39827

108129

47335

133068

Source: Crime in India

Note : Due to non-receipt of data from West Bengal in time for 2019, Data furnished for 2018 has been used

 

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 enacted by Govt of India provides safeguards for children against sexual abuse. The POCSO Act 2012 provides for establishment of Special Courts for the purpose of ensuring speedy trial. Further, as per the Act, the evidence of the child shall be recorded within a period of thirty days of the Special Court taking cognizance of the offence and the Special Court shall complete the trial, as far as possible, within a period of one year from the date of taking cognizance of the offence. The Act was amended in 2019 to introduce more stringent punishment including death penalty for committing sexual crimes on children, with a view to deter the perpetrators & prevent such crimes against children.

A centrally sponsored scheme for setting up of 1023 Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) including 389 Exclusive POCSO Courts is implemented by the Department of Justice(DoJ), for expeditious trial and disposal of rape and POCSO cases. As informed by DoJ, 640 FTSCs including 338 exclusive POCSO Courts have become functional in 26 States/UTs by May, 2021, which disposed 50, 484 pending cases till May, 2021. Goa and J&K are yet to operationalize FTSCs. West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar island and Arunachal Pradesh have still not joined the Scheme. The list of States/UTs where these Courts are located is at Annexure-I. The information regarding the appointment of Judges in special courts formed under POCSO Act, 2012 is not maintained centrally.

The State/UT-wise cases registered and cases pending trial at the end of the year under POCSO Act, 2012 during 2017-2019 is at Annexure-II.

This information was given by the Union Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt. Smriti  Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

*****

AS

Annexure-I

 

S.no

States/UTs

Chhattisgarh

Gujarat

Mizoram

Nagaland

Jharkhand

Madhya Pradesh

Manipur

Haryana

Chandigarh

Rajasthan

Tamil Nadu

Tripura

Uttar Pradesh

Uttarakhand

Delhi

Arunachal Pradesh

Bihar

Assam

Maharashtra

Himachal Pradesh

Karnataka

Kerala

Meghalaya

Odisha

Punjab

Telangana

 

Annexure-II

SL

State/UT

2017

2018

2019

CR

CPTEY

CR

CPTEY

CR

CPTEY

1

Andhra Pradesh

378

1100

361

1343

502

1542

2

Arunachal Pradesh

14

7

24

28

36

52

3

Assam

1149

1506

1721

2664

1779

3750

4

Bihar

1356

1431

2094

2558

1540

3575

5

Chhattisgarh

1676

3122

1812

3861

2027

4799

6

Goa

0

0

2

2

0

2

7

Gujarat

1697

5130

2154

6947

2253

8604

8

Haryana

1139

1592

1924

2361

2074

2962

9

Himachal Pradesh

8

27

28

47

12

54

10

Jammu & Kashmir

0

0

32

24

109

96

11

Jharkhand

385

495

615

757

654

1024

12

Karnataka

1956

4891

2036

6150

2160

7137

13

Kerala

1169

2718

1153

3462

1283

4216

14

Madhya Pradesh

1569

5428

2445

6808

6123

9677

15

Maharashtra

5248

18691

6233

22070

6558

25807

16

Manipur

29

113

43

135

58

189

17

Meghalaya

242

702

266

847

219

987

18

Mizoram

194

248

138

387

79

398

19

Nagaland

41

49

9

51

12

61

20

Odisha

249

1808

1887

3148

2036

4798

21

Punjab

489

444

411

566

389

606

22

Rajasthan

1180

2860

488

3032

596

3152

23

Sikkim

87

107

118

154

91

212

24

Tamil Nadu

1587

3547

2039

4531

2396

5599

25

Telangana

1632

2484

1665

3284

1998

3806

26

Tripura

139

481

127

569

176

649

27

Uttar Pradesh

4895

14000

5401

17161

7594

23187

28

Uttarakhand

191

409

337

586

369

868

29

West Bengal

2131

4159

2267

6251

2267

6251

 

TOTAL STATE(S)

30830

77549

37830

99784

45390

124060

30

A&N Islands

65

164

69

235

94

291

31

Chandigarh

3

1

2

2

5

8

32

D&N Haveli

12

16

21

21

39

38

33

Daman & Diu

5

20

3

23

15

30

34

Delhi

1623

6255

1839

7870

1719

8406

35

Lakshadweep

4

10

7

17

25

26

36

Puducherry

66

128

56

177

48

209

 

TOTAL UT(S)

1778

6594

1997

8345

1945

9008

 

TOTAL (ALL INDIA)

32608

84143

39827

108129

47335

133068

Source: Crime in India

Note : Due to non-receipt of data from West Bengal in time for 2019, Data furnished for 2018 has been used

 

END
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