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2019-07-11

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Indian Economy
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Ministry of Finance

Rise in NPAs of PSBs

Posted On: 09 JUL 2019 8:19PM by PIB Delhi

As per Reserve Bank of India (RBI) data on domestic operations, aggregate gross advances of PSBs increased from Rs. 16,96,051 crore as on 31.3.2008 to Rs. 45,90,570 crore as on 31.3.2014. As per RBI inputs, the primary reasons for spurt in stressed assets have been observed to be, inter-alia, aggressive lending practices, wilful default/loan frauds/corruption in some cases, and economic slowdown. Asset Quality Review (AQR) initiated in 2015 for clean and fully provisioned bank balance-sheets revealed high incidence of Non-Performing Assets (NPAs). As a result of AQR and subsequent transparent recognition by banks, stressed accounts were reclassified as NPAs and expected losses on stressed loans, not provided for earlier under flexibility given to restructured loans, were provided for. Primarily as a result of transparent recognition of stressed assets as NPAs, gross NPAs of PSBs, as per RBI data on domestic operations, rose from Rs. 2,67,065 crore as on 31.3.2015, to Rs. 8,45,475 crore as on 31.3.2018, and as a result of Government’s 4R’s strategy of recognition, resolution, recapitalisation and reforms, have since declined by Rs. 1,35,366 crore to Rs. 7,10,109 crore as on 31.3.2019 (provisional data as reported by RBI on 2.7.2019).

Government adopted the comprehensive 4R’s strategy consisting of recognition of NPAs transparently, resolution and recovering value from stressed accounts, recapitalising Public Sector Banks (PSBs), and reforms in PSBs and financial ecosystem to ensure a responsible and clean system. Steps taken under these strategies to expedite and enable resolution of NPAs of PSBs, and to improve the condition of banks include, inter-alia, the following:

  1. Change in credit culture was effected, with the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) fundamentally changing the creditor-borrower relationship, taking away control of the defaulting company from promoters/owners and debarring wilful defaulters from the resolution process and debarring them from raising funds from the market.
  2. Over the last four financial years, PSBs were recapitalised to the extent of Rs. 3.12 lakh crore, with infusion of Rs. 2.46 lakh crore by the Government and mobilisation of over Rs. 0.66 lakh crore by PSBs themselves.
  3. Key reforms were instituted in PSBs as part of PSBs Reforms Agenda, include the following:
  4. Board-approved Loan Policies of PSBs now mandate tying up necessary clearances/approvals and linkages before disbursement, scrutiny of group balance-sheet and ring-fencing of cash flows, non-fund and tail risk appraisal in project financing.
  5. Use of third-party data sources for comprehensive due diligence across data sources has been instituted, thus mitigating risk on account of misrepresentation and fraud.
  6. Monitoring has been strictly segregated from sanctioning roles in high-value loans, and specialised monitoring agencies combining financial and domain knowledge have been deployed for effective monitoring of loans above       Rs. 250 crore.
  7. To ensure timely and better realisation in one-time settlements (OTSs), online end-to-end OTS platforms have been set up.

Enabled by the above steps, financial gains from cleaning of the banking system are now amply visible. Gross NPAs of PSBs, as per RBI data on domestic operations, have reduced over the last financial year (provisional data) by Rs. 1,35,366 crore, and as per RBI data on global operations, PSBs have recovered an amount of Rs. 3,09,568 crore over the last four financial years, including a record recovery of Rs. 1,21,076 crore in the last financial year (provisional data).

As per RBI data on domestic operations, the gross NPAs of PSBs, as on 30.6.2014, 31.3.2017, and 31.3.2019 (provisional data) were Rs. 2,24,542 crore, Rs. 6,41,057 crore and Rs. 7,10,109 crore respectively, which amounts to an increase of 10.77% over the last three financial years. RBI has apprised that the details of NPAs of PSBs as on 30.6.2019 are not available. Bank-wise details are at Annex.

Note: Figures cited above for PSBs for 31.3.2019 exclude those for IDBI Bank Limited, which was recategorised as a private sector bank by RBI with effect from 21.1.2019.

This was stated by Shri Anurag Singh Thakur, Minister of State for Finance & Corporate Affairs in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.

 

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DSM/RM/PD

 

 

Annex

 

Gross NPA of Public Sector Banks

 

Bank

GNPA

% age increase between 31.3.2017 and 31.3.2019

 

 

 

 

Asset Quality Review (AQR) initiated in 2015 for clean and fully provisioned bank balance-sheets revealed high incidence of Non-Performing Assets (NPAs). As a result of AQR and subsequent transparent recognition by PSBs, stressed accounts were reclassified as NPAs and expected losses on stressed loans, not provided for earlier under flexibility given to restructured loans, were provided for. All such schemes for restructuring stressed loans were withdrawn. Primarily as a result of transparent recognition of stressed assets as NPAs, the gross NPAs of Public Sector Banks (PSBs) increased.

Enabled by Government’s 4R’s strategy, as per RBI data on domestic operations, PSBs have recovered Rs. 3,09,568 crore over the last four financial years, including record recovery of Rs. 1,21,076 crore during 2018-19 (provisional data as reported by RBI on 2.7.2019).

As on

30.6.2014

As on

31.3.2017

As on

31.3.2019

Allahabad Bank

7,599

20,520

28,698

39.85%

Andhra Bank

6,827

17,670

28,974

63.97%

Bank of Baroda

10,641

34,935

40,388

15.61%

Bank of India

11,160

42,724

51,167

19.76%

Bank of Maharashtra

3,761

17,189

15,324

(-)10.85%

Canara Bank

7,905

31,801

36,165

13.72%

Central Bank of India

11,449

27,251

32,356

18.73%

Corporation Bank

5,470

17,045

20,724

21.58%

Dena Bank

3,169

12,619

12,768

1.18%

IDBI Bank Limited

10,762

38,223

-

-

Indian Bank

4,415

9,588

13,156

37.21%

Indian Overseas Bank

8,781

32,521

32,416

(-)0.33%

Oriental Bank of Commerce

5,983

22,859

21,717

(-)5.00%

Punjab and Sind Bank

3,010

6,298

8,606

36.65%

Punjab National Bank

19,335

53,121

76,724

44.43%

State Bank of India (SBI)

56,830

1,05,549

1,70,813

61.83%

State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur

2,331

10,677

Merged

with SBI

Merged

with SBI

State Bank of Hyderabad

6,174

18,212

State Bank of Mysore

2,490

9,915

State Bank of Patiala

3,375

17,847

State Bank of Travancore

3,282

8,817

Bharatiya Mahila Bank Limited

0

55

Syndicate Bank

4,742

15,662

22,348

42.70%

UCO Bank

5,982

21,699

29,233

34.72%

Union Bank of India

9,902

30,928

47,554

53.76%

United Bank of India

7,097

10,952

12,053

10.06%

Vijaya Bank

2,069

6,382

8,923

39.82%

 Source: RBI (domestic operations)

 

Note: IDBI Bank Limited was recategorised as a private sector bank by RBI with effect from 21.1.2019

***



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