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2019-07-11

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Indian Economy
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Ministry of Finance

Bank Reforms to Check Frauds

Posted On: 09 JUL 2019 8:21PM by PIB Delhi

Occurrence of frauds was enabled by laxity in the financial system, and the underlying causes have been systematically dealt with by the Government through comprehensive steps for reduction in occurrence of frauds, and their proactive checking and timely detection. The steps taken in this regard include, inter-alia, the following:

  1. Government has issued “Framework for timely detection, reporting, investigation etc. relating to large value bank frauds” to Public Sector Banks (PSBs), for systemic and comprehensive checking of legacy stock of their non-performing assets (NPAs), which provides, inter-alia, that—
  2. all accounts exceeding Rs. 50 crore, if classified as NPAs, be examined by banks from the angle of possible fraud, and a report placed before the bank’s Committee for Review of NPAs on the findings of this investigation;
  3. examination be initiated for wilful default immediately upon reporting fraud to RBI; and
  4. report on the borrower be sought from the Central Economic Intelligence Bureau in case an account turns NPA.
  5. Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018 has been enacted to deter economic offenders from evading the process of Indian law by remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts. The act provides for attachment of property of a fugitive economic offender, confiscation of such offender’s property and disentitlement of the offender from defending any civil claim.
  6. PSBs have been advised to obtain certified copy of the passport of the promoters/directors and other authorised signatories of companies availing loan facilities of more than Rs. 50 crore and, decide on publishing photographs of wilful defaulters, in terms of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s instructions and as per their Board-approved policy and to strictly ensure rotational transfer of officials/employees. The heads of PSBs have also been empowered to issue requests for issue of Look Out Circulars.
  7. For enforcement of auditing standards and ensuring the quality of audits, Government has established the National Financial Reporting Authority as an independent regulator.
  8. Instructions/advisories have been issued by Government to PSBs to decide on publishing photographs of wilful defaulters, in terms of RBI’s instructions and as per their Board-approved policy, and to obtain certified copy of the passport of the promoters/directors and other authorised signatories of companies availing loan facilities of more than Rs. 50 crore.
  9. In order to bring transparency and accountability in the larger financial system, bank accounts of 3.38 lakh inoperative companies were frozen over the last two financial years.

The impact of the above steps is reflected in RBI’s Financial Stability Report (FSR) of June 2019. As per FSR, systemic and comprehensive checking of legacy stock of NPAs of PSBs for frauds has helped unearth frauds perpetrated over a number of years, which is getting reflected in increased number of reported incidents of frauds in recent years compared to previous years. The details of frauds of Rs. 1 lakh and above that occurred during the last three financial years (FYs), reported by PSBs to RBI, as per inputs received from RBI, are as under:

FY of occurrence

Number of cases

Amount  involved

(in crore Rs.)

2016-17

1,745

24,291

2017-18

1,545

 6,916

2018-19

  739

 5,149

Bank-wise details are at Annex.

Note: Figures cited above for PSBs include those for IDBI Bank Limited, which was recategorised as a private sector bank by RBI with effect from 21.1.2019.

This was stated by Shri Anurag Singh Thakur, Minister of State for Finance & Corporate Affairs in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.

 

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DSM/RM/PD

 

 

 

Annex

Details of frauds (Based on date of occurrence - Amount Involved Rs. 1 lakh and above) for Public Sector Banks        

 Amounts in crore Rs.

Bank Name

FY
2016-17

FY
2017-18

FY
2018-19

 

 

 

Comprehensive measures have been taken to prevent frauds including directions to banks to examine all NPA accounts above Rs. 50 crore from the angle of possible fraud, initiation of criminal proceedings, enactment of Fugitive Economic Offenders Act 2018, creation of Central Fraud Registry, empowering Bank Heads to request for issue of Look Out Circular, establishment of National Financial Reporting Authority, Straight through processing between Core Banking System and SWIFT, advice to banks to obtain certified copy of passport of promoters /directors of companies availing loan exceeding Rs. 50 crore etc.

Allahabad Bank

63

11

12

Andhra Bank

36

37

11

Bank of Baroda

140

84

32

Bank of India

95

99

52

Bank of Maharashtra

34

32

38

Canara Bank

48

50

24

Central Bank of India

59

56

45

Corporation Bank

52

12

5

Dena Bank

24

11

3

IDBI Bank Limited

91

94

99

Indian Bank

70

47

20

Indian Overseas Bank

53

34

30

Oriental Bank of Commerce

42

24

8

Punjab and Sind Bank

22

3

0

Punjab National Bank

101

108

33

State Bank of India

469

618

236

State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur

5

Merged

with

SBI

Merged

with

SBI

State Bank of Hyderabad

6

State Bank of Mysore

12

State Bank of Patiala

6

State Bank of Travancore

15

Syndicate Bank

127

78

27

UCO Bank

31

41

27

Union Bank of India

83

69

15

United Bank of India

29

15

20

Vijaya Bank

32

22

2

 Source: RBI

 Note: IDBI Bank Limited was recategorised as a private sector bank by RBI with effect from 21.1.2019.

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