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Developmental Issues

The flora speaks:A message of support in Bant, Netherlands, created by cutting flower heads in a field of tulips.APStef Hoffer  

The UN rights chief warned on Monday that countries flouting the rule of law in the name of fighting the novel coronavirus pandemic risk sparking a “human rights disaster”.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called on countries to refrain from violating fundamental rights “under the guise of exceptional or emergency measures”.

“Emergency powers should not be a weapon governments can wield to quash dissent, control the population, and even perpetuate their time in power,” she warned in a statement. “They should be used to cope effectively with the pandemic — nothing more, nothing less.”

Her comments came after more than 200,000 people have perished in the pandemic and nearly 3 million have been infected worldwide by the novel coronavirus since it surfaced in China late last year. Ms. Bachelet acknowledged that states have the right to restrict some rights to protect public health, but she insisted that any restrictions should be necessary, proportionate and non-discriminatory, and also limited in duration.

“There have been numerous reports from different regions that police and other security forces have been using excessive, and at times lethal, force to make people abide by lockdowns and curfews,” she said, lamenting that “such violations have often been committed against people belonging to the poorest and most vulnerable segments of the population”.

“Shooting, detaining, or abusing someone for breaking a curfew because they are desperately searching for food is clearly an unacceptable and unlawful response. So is making it difficult or dangerous for a woman to get to hospital to give birth. In some cases, people are dying because of the inappropriate application of measures that have been supposedly put in place to save them,” Ms. Bachelet said. She also decried the mass arrests in some countries over curfew violations as “both unnecessary and unsafe.” “Jails and prisons are high risk environments, and states should focus on releasing whoever can be safely released, not detaining more people.”

The UN rights chief also warned that efforts to rein in dangerous misinformation around the pandemic was in some cases being used as an excuse to crack down on legitimate free speech.“It is important to counter misinformation, but shutting down the free exchange of ideas and information not only violates rights, it undermines trust,” she said.

Highest level of alarm

Meanwhile, the WHO chief said on Monday that the agency had sounded the highest level of alarm early on, but lamented that not all countries had heeded its advice. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus pointed out that the WHO warned the COVID-19 outbreak constituted a 'Public Health Emergency of International Concern' on January 30, when there were only 82 cases registered outside China. “The world should have listened to WHO then carefully,” he told a virtual press briefing.

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