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General Studies Paper - 1


  1. To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss. (150 words 10 marks)
  2. Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain. (150 words 10 marks)
  3. Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish, but unlike Nalanda, it is not considered as a university in the modern sense. Discuss. (150 words 10 marks)
  4. The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat? (150 words 10 marks)
  5. Sufis and medieval saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindu/ Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment. (150 words 10 marks)
  6. Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from mid-eighteenth century till independence. (150 words 10 marks)
  7. In what ways did the navel mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India? (150 words 10 marks)
  8. What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial in India? (150 words 10 marks)
  9. What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-image as a world power? (150 words 10 marks)
  10. The New Economic Policy – 1921 of Lenin had influenced the policies adopted by India soon after independence. Evaluate. (150 words 10 marks)
  11. How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle class working woman in India? (150 words 10 marks)
  12. Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments. (150 words 10 marks)
  13. The life cycle of a joint family depends on economic factors rather than social values. Discuss. (150 words 10 marks)
  14. Discuss the various economic and socio-cultural forces that are driving increasing feminization of agriculture in India. (150 words 10 marks)
  15. How do the Indian debates on secularism differ from the debates in the West? (150 words 10 marks)
  16. Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. Do you agree? (150 words 10 marks)
  17. Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes. (150 words 10 marks)
  18. Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philipines archipelagos. (150 words 10 marks)
  19. Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why? (150 words 10 marks)
  20. Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent. (150 words 10 marks)
  21. Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain. (150 words 10 marks)
  22. Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water? (150 words 10 marks)
  23. Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel industry in the world. (150 words 10 marks)
  24. Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world. (150 words 10 marks)
  25. How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resources rich Africa? (150 words 10 marks)