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UPSC
CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM
2015
General Studies Paper - 1

 

Date: December 19
Duration: 3 hours
Instructions: Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each. Contents of the answers are more important than their length. All questions carry equal marks.
Note: Each question carries 12.5 Marks (12.5×20 = 250 Marks)

  1. The ancient civilization in Indian sub continent differed from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without breakdown to the present day. Comment ( 200 words 12.5 marks)
  2. Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a fine aesthetic sense comparable to modern painting. Critically evaluate this comment. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  3. How difficult would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  4. Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B R Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  5. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years, but its experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935 .Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  6. Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present times? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  7. To what extend can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  8. Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  9. Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty OR poverty is the mains cause of population increase in India. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  10. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favorable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  11. Discuss the changes in the trends of labor migration within and outside India in the last four decades. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  12. Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  13. Debate the issue whether and how contemporary movements for assertion of Dalit identity work towards annihilation of caste. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  14. Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  15. Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three Mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  16. India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  17. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of econological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  18. How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscape? Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  19. Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  20. What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences? (200 words 12.5 marks)
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