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General Studies Paper - 1


  1. Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives, successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  2. Krishnadeva Raya, the king of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was a also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  3. Explain how the upraising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  4. Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  5. Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  6. Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian unity? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  7. The anti-colonial struggles in West Africa were led by the new elite of Western -educated Africans. Examine. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  8. To what extent globalisation has influenced the core of cultural diversity in India? Explain. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  9. “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  10. Why are the tribals in India referred to as ‘the Scheduled Tribes’? Indicate the major provisions enshrined in the Constitution of India for their upliftment. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  11. With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme.” (200 words 12.5 marks)
  12. What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  13. Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  14. “The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.”Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  15. The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  16. South China Sea has assumed great geopolitical significance in the present context. Comment. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  17. Major cities of India are becoming vulnerable to flood conditions. Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  18. Present an account of the Indus Water Treaty and examine its ecological, economic and political implications in the context of changing bilateral relations. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  19. Enumerate the problems and prospects of inland water transport in India. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  20. In what way micro-watershed development projects help in water conservation in drought-prone and semi-arid regions of India? (200 words 12.5 marks)