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UPSC
CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM
2015
General Studies Paper - 2

 

Date: December 19
Duration: 3 hours
Instructions: Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each. Contents of the answers are more important than their length. All questions carry equal marks.
Note: Each question carries 12.5 Marks (12.5×20 = 250 Marks)

  1. Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizen a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  2. The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  3. In the absence of well – educated and organized local level government system, Panchayats and Samitis have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instrument of governance. Critically Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  4. Khap panchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra – constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human right violations. Discuss critically the actions taken by the legislative, executive and judiciary to set the things right in this regard. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  5. Resorting to ordinances has always raised concern on violation of the spirit of separation of power doctrine. While noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate, analyze whether the decision of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated to resorting to this power. Should the power to promulgate the ordinances be repealed? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  6. What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1966 through the recent ordinance promulgated by the President? How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism? Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  7. Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulation on burning crackers during Diwali? Discus in the light of Article 21 of Indian Constitution and judgments of the apex in this regard. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  8. Examine critically the recent changes in the rule governing foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 1976. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  9. The Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Program (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation, has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programme. Elucidate. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  10. How can be the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works relating to protection of the Environment? Discuss throwing light on the major constraints. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  11. The quality of higher education in India requires major improvement to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of technical and higher education in the country? Discuss. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  12. Public health system has limitation in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that private sector can help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives do you suggest? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  13. Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate reduction in poverty over time. Do you agree. Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  14. In the light of Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in the corporate governance to ensure transparency and accountability. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  15. If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Protection Act 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there may be no on left to protect. Critically Evaluate. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  16. For achieving the desired objectives, it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institution remain independent and autonomous. Discuss in the light of experiences in recent past. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  17. Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pro and cons. Critically Examine. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  18. Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UNSC. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  19. Project ‘Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of Indian government to improve relationship with its neighbors. Does the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss (200 words 12.5 marks)
  20. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India – Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchange could help generate goodwill between the two countries. Discuss with suitable examples. (200 words 12.5 marks)
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