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UPSC
CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM
2016
General Studies Paper - 3

 

  1. How globalization has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased in formalization detrimental to the development of the country? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  2. Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  3. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is necessary for bringing unbanked to the institutional finance fold. Do you agree with this for financial inclusion of the poor section of the Indian society? Give arguments to justify your opinion. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  4. What are ‘Smart Cities’? Examine their relevance for urban development in India. Will it increase rural-urban differences? Give arguments for ’Smart Villages’ in the light of PURA and RURBAN Mission. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  5. Justify the need for FDI for the development of the Indian economy. Why there is gap between MOUs signed and actual FDIs? Suggest remedial steps to be taken for increasing actual FDIs in India. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  6. Comment on the challenges for inclusive growth which include careless and useless manpower in the Indian context. Suggest measures to be taken for facing hese challenges. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  7. What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  8. What is allelopathy? Discuss its role in major cropping systems of irrigated agriculture. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  9. Discuss the role of land reforms in agricultural development. Identify the factors that were responsible for the success of land reforms in India. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  10. Given the vulnerability of Indian agriculture to vagaries of nature, discuss the need for crop insurance and bring out the salient features of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). (200 words 12.5 marks)
  11. Give an account of the current status and the targets to be achieved pertaining to renewable energy sources in the country. Discuss in brief the importance of National Programme on Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). (200 words 12.5 marks)
  12. Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development? (200 words 12.5 marks)
  13. Why is nanotechnology one of the key technologies of the 21st century? Describe the salient features of Indian Government’s Mission on Nanoscience and Technology and the scope of its application in the development process of the country. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  14. Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts controversy while planning major projects. Discuss the measures suggested for mitigation of this impact while proposing major developmental projects. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  15. The frequency of urban floods due to high intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Discussing the reasons for urban floods, highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  16. With reference to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines, discuss the measures to be adopted to mitigate the impact of recent incidents of cloudbursts in many places of Uttarakhand. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  17. The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  18. ‘Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the above statement. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  19. Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management. (200 words 12.5 marks)
  20. Use of internet and social media by non-state actors for subversive activities is a major security concern. How have these been misused in the recent past? Suggest effective guidelines to curb the above threat. (200 words 12.5 marks)
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