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(Answers must be written in Oriya)


History of Oriya Language

  • Origin and development of Oriya Language- Influence of Austric, Dravidian, Perso-Arabic and English on Oriya Language.
  • Phonetics and Phonemics : Vowels, Consonants Principles of changes in Oriya sounds.
  • Morphology : Morphemes (free, bound compound and complex), derivational and inflectional affixes, case inflection, conjugation of verb.
  • Syntax : Kinds of sentences and their transformation, structure of sentences.
  • Semantics-Different types of change in meaning Euphemism.
  • Common errors in spellings, grammatical uses and construction of sentences.
  • Regional variations in Oriya Language (Western, Southern and Northern Oriya) and Dialects (Bhatri and Desia)


History of Oriya Literature

  • Historical backgrounds (social, cultural and political) of Oriya Literature of different periods.
  • Ancient epics, ornate kavyas and padavalis.
  • Typical structural forms of Oriya Literature (Koili, Chautisa, Poi, Chaupadi, Champu).
  • Modern trends in poetry, drama short story, novel, essay and literary criticism.


(Answers must be written in Oriya)

Critical Study of texts - The paper will require first hand reading of the text and test the critical ability of the candidate.


Poetry : (Ancient)

  • Sarala Das-Shanti Parva from Mahabharata.
  • Jaganath Das-Bhagabate, XI Skandha-Jadu Avadhuta Sambada. (Medieval)
  • Dinakrushna Das-Rasakallola- (Chhandas-16 & 34)
  • Upendra Bhanja-Lavanyabati (Chhandas-1 & 2)  (Modern)
  • Radhanath Ray-Chandrabhaga
  • Mayadhar Manasinha-Jeevan Chita
  • Satchidananda Routray-Kabita-1962
  • Ramakanta Ratha-Saptama Ritu.


Drama :

  • Manoranjan Das-Katha-Ghoda

  • Bijay Mishra-Tata Niranjana

Novel :

  • Fakir Mohan Senapati-Chhamana athaguntha
  • Gopinath Mohanty-Danapani

Short Story :

  • Surendra Mohanty-Maralara Mrityu
  • Manoj Das-Laxmira Abhisara

Essay :

  • Chittaranjan Das-Taranga O Tadit (First five essays).
  • Chandra Sekhar Rath-Mun Satyadharma Kahuchhi (First five essays)

This is the complete list of optional subjects for civil services main examination. You have to opt for any one subject. Optional paper consists of two papers of 250 marks each. Click on the subject name to view its syllabus.